VoL XXXVI, No. 5--- May 1999
The insurance problems we have are not going to go away quickly. It all started with changes in our new insurance policy near the expiration date of last year's policy. We (the Exec. Comm.) decided that at that late date we had little or no choice of what to do. Ever since then there has been much activity going on in many directions to resolve the situation. The insurance policies of the other regional federations are being checked on, insurance agents are being asked to give quotes and our insurance policies (old and new) are being gone over by our attorney. Unfortunately there is nothing of substance to report at this time.
During this time the field trip picture has been very cloudy and has not really shown any improvement. However, we do have field trip insurance available to us for most trips for an additional cost. As this is being written, I was informed there is a new Field Trip Questionnaire in the pipeline. I am waiting for its arrival and it will be published in the CFMS Newsletter.
The available options for our insurance problems will be presented to and looked at in detail at the directors meeting in Turlock in June. I hope all of the Federation Directors will be there, as this is a very important meeting. There will be a lot of very important information presented at that time, and some important decisions to be made. Assembling the material for this meeting is a slow process with much to do yet and we are trying to do it right.
Over the years there have been-many misconceptions of what our insurance was all about. Perhaps this was because there was a lack of communication and we wound up with misinformation and even some bad information. Some of us, myself included, were and are victims of this problem. Being patient while waiting for this problem to be corrected is very difficult. If some rumors or misinformation haven't surfaced already I'm sure they will before this is resolved. I am attempting to have the insurance policies explained in lay terms to everyone at our Directors Meeting in June. This includes what we can expect from the insurance carrier and what they expect from us. In this day and age being insured is a must, and we must know what our insurance coverage is.
In the time period we have till this is resolved the best thing to do is to follow the direction of our insurance carrier. The programs they have given us may not be to our liking but I think we can live with them until a decision is made on how to handle this. We are looking at all options available to us. We do have options, but there are no quick fixes.
Here are some guidelines regarding the coverage from our insurance agency --- CAPAX GIDDINGS, CORBY, HYNES on club sponsored field trips.
ATTENTION CLUB PRESIDENTS, EDITORS AND FEDERATION DIRECTORS:
Please pass this information on to your club members .... don't keep it a secret.
For the AFMS Code of Ethics, Click here!
Field trips are not automatically included under the CFMS policy.
For a CFMS Field Trip Questionaire, Click here!
The field trip to the Monte Cristo Mountains in Nevada on this Memorial Day weekend is canceled.
After two weeks waiting for word on the insurance from the Capax Company, I don't have time to communicate the cost to you. Therefore I must cancel the trip. There will not be a CFMS sponsored Field Trip at this time. However, I plan to be at the same place I had planned in the CFMS Bulletins during the past several months, namely about 35 miles north of Tonopha, Nevada. There will also be several other rockhounds at this place who are very knowledgeable of the area and of the materials which are availabale to be located at that location. We can NOT be field trip leaders but we will be most happy to have company in our hobby, and if we can, be of any assistance to you in your search of rocks. Remember, if you do plan to join us, watch your gasoline supplies. NO GAS AT COALDALE!
It has been brought to my attention that at Fallon, Nevada at the Rhyolite Mine, there were some wires protruding out of the rocks. I was assured by the claim owner that the dynamite charges had been detonated. However, later, others who saw the wires had the sheriff inspect them and a small charge of explosive was set off, resulting in a very LARGE explosion. SO IF YOU SEE ANY WIRES PLANTED INTO ROCKS, or old deteriorating sticks of explosives lying around, STAND CLEAR and notify the authorities. BE SAFE!
from the The Rockfinder 2.97 via Breccia, Feb 1999
4th Place in AFMS 1997 Poetry Contest
I travel with or without a guide.
I look and search for things on the ground
and sometimes marvel at what I've found.
It takes so little to make me happy
For I am a rockhound, happy and true,
We need cookies for the Cracker Barrel and the Directors' Meeting at the Federation Show in Turlock. Clubs whose names begin with the letters A to M should bring cookies for the Friday Night Cracker Barrel and clubs whose names begin with the letters N to Z should bring cookies for the Directors' Meeting on Saturday morning. Please ask your members to donate some cookies and send them up with your Federation Director or someone attending the show.
Federation Officers and Committee Chairmen
Please send your reports to Renata Bever by May 15, 1999 for inclusion in the packets that are given out at the Directors'Meetingto be held on June 19, 1999. If your report cannot get to Renata on time, Renata asks that you prepare and bring to the meeting 200 copies of your report which you personally will distribute at that time. Remember, your reports are important.
The results of the Bulletin/Article contest are coming in and I'm happy to report they are scoring very high and getting some favorable comments from the judges. CFMS can be proud of its' group of editors and authors!
Emerging is a 'pattern' which has caused me concern-- many bulletins received minus points because they have no Federation News in the months submitted. I believe we should do some re-thinking on this subject.
Why should the CFMS and AFMS allot so many points for news about Federation activities? To begin--Who's sponsoring these contests anyway? Why wouldn't they expect to be recognized? More importantly, why wouldn't a good editor include mention of this nationwide network with its' opportunities? A club without this 'family link' would gradually go into decline as it would be hard to attract new and younger people to join a small, aging group.
The bulletin Editor is the logical one to inform members that their club is part of a great group of rockhounds. We must band together and lobby legislators to preserve our rights to access public lands. Members should also be informed that they have access to learning seminars, field trips, program speakers, slides and videos; shows where they can compare their works and get new ideas; develop great fellowship from kindred spirits who will share ideas and knowhow.
News from the Federation should not be hard to find-- How many editors print the AFMS "Code of Ethics" at least once a year? New members (and forgetful older ones) should be reminded that we need to police ourselves and practice good rockhounding manners in order to keep our remaining public lands open.
Then there are "Safety" hints and tips. There were many good ones in both the CFMS and AFMS news this past year--good items to copy.
How many editors 'talk up' the Slide and Video contest held by the AFMS each year? Winners in this contest are given monetary awards! Copies of the prizewinning videos are given to the Regional Federations for their libraries. Many rockhounds are also camera-buffs who might be interested in this contest . How neat it would be to know your movie is being shown around the country!
How about "How To" articles? Many of them are from the prize-winners in the yearly contests; others are from noted authors or publications which may be re-printed. New hunting areas or handy ideas are of interest to our members. They may not be able to participate but it's fun to dream.
Then there are the annual "Bi- Shows", both for CFMS and AFMS. People travel to different areas in summer, they should know about these Federation shows in the various regions.
Speaking of the "Big Shows", it's getting close to countdown at our CFMS show in Turlock. We will have an Editors' Table there. Come and meet your BAC (me) and Assistant, Dee Clason of Bakersfield. We will also need help in 'manning' the table. Come over and sign in to help and/or rest your feet. The 'work' is easy-we meet editors we've only known through their bulletins and talk shop--mostly.
Oh, and bring some of your bulletins for the table. Other editors are always interested in new exchanges. You may meet some kindred souls.
Don't forget the Editors' Breakfast on Sunday morning, with the Workshop immediately following. Speakers will be Bob Jones. Editor of Rock & Gem and Shirley Leeson longtime Editor, Historian, etc. etc... We plan to have a Q. & A. session as well.
Editors, former editors,would-be editors- come and give us your in-put. We expect to have a meaningful session! Y'all Flock to Turlock!
Friday, June 18
08:00 a.m. - Judging begins
09:45 a.m. - Opening Ceremony
10:00 a.m. - Diamond Jubilee show begins
02:00 p.m. - Ye Old Timers meeting on the Patio
06:00 p.m. - Show closes
07:30 p.m. - Cracker Barrel Meeting - Patio
Saturday, June 19
09:00 a.m. - Directors' Meeting convenes
10:00 a.m. - Diamond Jubilee Show opens
11:00 a.m. - Lecture: Dr. Bill Wise, "Benitoite, California State Gem"
11:45 a.m. - Judges available to meet with competitors until 1:00 p.m.
01:30 p. m. - Lecture: Robert Jones, "Quartz, Crystallized and Aqatized"
02:30 p. m. - Lecture: Si Frazier, "Geodes, the Whole Story"
06:00 p.m. - Show closes for the day
06:30 p.m. - Happy Hour
07:00 p.m. - CFMS Awards Banquet
Sunday, June 20
09:00 a.m. - Show Open for Photoqraphers
10:00 a.m. - Diamond Jubilee Show opens
11:00 a.m. - Lecture: Ed Coogan, "Modern Electronic Prospecting''
02:30 p.m. - Lecture: Tim Thomas, "Opal Identification and Cutting Tips"
04:30 p.m. - Raffle Prize Drawing
05:00 p.m. - Diamond Jubilee of Gems closes
Dr. Bill Wise (Benitoite, State Gem) is a retired Professor of Geology from the University of Southern California, where he taught Mineralogy and Geology courses for 35 years. Among many of his research projects he studied the Benitoite Gem Mine in San Benito County. He is the author of several articles and reports of his research which have appeared in national magazines over the past 35 years. Dr. Wise has shared his results with many amateur mineralogy groups and helped them with identification.
Robert Jones (Quartz) is Senior Editor of "Rock & Gem"Magazine. He is the recipient of the 1998 Carnegie Mineralogical Award and is also a member of the "Rockhound Hall of Fame".
Si Frazier (Geodes) is a foreign correspondent for "Lapidary Journal" author of numerous articles. He and his wife Ann have been Mineral and Gem dealers for 40 years. Si taught Mineralogy and Gemology at San Francisco State University and San Francisco City College. They are currently working on a book about quartz.
Ed Coogan (Electronic Prospecting) and his wife Kay have been metal detectinq gold since 1984. He will share his adventures in searching for gold in most of the Western States, Canada, Wales, Australia, Bolivia, South Africa and Swaziland.
Sugar White (Arsenates) is a research technician at San Bernardino County Museum. A co-author of the report on the Mineralogy of the Blue Bell Mine, she was also the photographer for many articles in national and foreign mineral publications. She was winner of the Tucson Mineral Show photo contest for three years
Tim Thomas (Opal) and wife, Barbara have been importing opal from around the world for 26 years. They use their own photos for their ads in "Colored Stones" and "Lapidary Journal" Tim is the 'lapidary' and Barbara the 'designer'. His lectures will include identification of opal and cutting tips.
In previous columns I discussed basic showmanship, mineral displays and lapidary displays. This final column will discuss one of the more popular types of displays seen in recent years--educational.
The rules state that educational displays have as the primary goal the ability to correctly teach and/or inform the viewing audience some skill or concept pertaining to the hobby. The judging shall be on HOW WELL the display teaches and/or informs the audience for which it was intended. Audience is further defined as either the general public or the informed individual who already is presumed to have some knowledge of the topic presented.
As the exhibitor you must designate one of four classes within which the display will be judged. These are general audience/skill or craft, general audience/concept, informed audience/skill or craft, informed audience/concept.
First and foremost, an educational exhibit must have educational value. Things considered essential to this purpose are a clear statement of the theme, concise definitions of terms and the accuracy of the presentation within the limits of the defined audience. You must do more than put a collection of attractive and interesting ''Things'' in the case. Those "things" must convey an instructional message to the viewer.
The same rules of showmanship apply to educational exhibits as to other types. Neatness does count! Recall that the whole purpose of showmanship is attracting the attention of the viewer. You want the show visitor to be drawn to your exhibit; you want that person to spend time actually looking at your display.
Labels are very important. The purpose of labels in an educational exhibit is to convey your message. Just how well your labels convey that message is judged under educational value. It stands to reason that the more clear and complete the information provided, the higher the score for educational value. Be sure that any information presented is accurate. Any inaccuracies noted will result in fewer points. If you are not sure some of the information you wish to include on the label is accurate, it should not be used. Deductions for spelling errors or illegibility are one point per error not to exceed the allowable points for labels.
An educational exhibit can be awarded up to 10 points for its originality of approach or material. The exhibitor is rewarded for presenting a fresh approach to an old topic and/or use of original material instead of something which was directly copied.
Unlike other exhibit divisions, the exhibitor in the educational division can use borrowed materials. Since workmanship is not considered, the exhibitor can use items produced by someone else. Materials listed as OUT-OF-CLASS in other divisions may be used in educational classes. However, these must be labeled correctly.
It is hoped that this series of display tips articles will be useful to readers of this publication and other newsletters in which it is reprinted. Although I was only able to present four articles, the same display principles apply equally to all the divisions currently offered for competitive exhibiting at the CFMS/AFMS level. I cannot overemphasize the importance of reading the rules for the division in which you plan to compete. In my nearly 20 years of judging, it has been my observation that more points are lost as a direct result of not reading or understanding the rules than for any other reason. If you have doubts, don't hesitate to ask someone on the rules committee for a clarification. If you still need a rules book you may order one from Renata Bever. Her phone number is (909) 885-3918. Her e-mail address is firstname.lastname@example.org. You can contact me at (909) 874-5664 after 6 p.m. or e-mail me at email@example.com. See you at Turlock!
It is time to start preparations for CFMS Earth Science Studies at Camp Paradise.
The date - September 12 to 19, 1999
Facilities are somewhat rustic with rooms with double beds and/or cots, with bathrooms inside the building, and dorm rooms with cots.
Rooms are limited but there is considerable room among the pines for RVs. If you own one, you might prefer using your RV.
Workshops include wire wrap, faceting, casting, hard and soft stone carving, cabbing, petrified wood identification, bead stringing, and perhaps others.
Three meals a day are wholesome, home cooked meals with food and beverage sent out on field trips.
The fee for this very educational week is $190.00 per person. A small charge may be required for using material in the workshops.
If you plan on the wood identification workshop, you must have a hand-held 20 power microscope or a high powered minocular microscope.
This is a church camp and there are some rules we all adhere to. Along with your bedding, bring an extra sheet or plastic cover to place between your bedding and the mattress. This is a health regulation.
There is to be NO alcohol, no pets and no firearms.
The camp is in a beautiful setting, among the pines. Camp staff go out of their way to make your stay comfortable and enjoyable.
Only one hundred ninety dollars per person for this fun-filled opportunity to learn new techniques, make new friends, enjoy the sights, the great meals and great field trips.
If you have any questions, please call Ray Meisenheimer at (805) 642-3155.
Isabella & Bill Bums
Ray & Florence Meisenheimer
The "white beat", a new synthetic diamond, is so like the real thing that even experts have a hard time telling the difference. Manufactured in Russia, white bears may soon be coming to the U.S. At least one hopeful entrepeneur plans to market them here as gems.
"Like natural diamonds", writes Bill Gifford in The New Republic, "These are crystals of pure carbon, glinting with -fight, not that cubic zirconia junk sold on QVC. They equal natural diamonds in hardness and refractivity, the two qualities that mark the stone; you need a laboratory to tell the difference. They're just a few thousand years younger and about one-tenth as expensive as mined diamonds."
As you know, the CFMS has a wonderful collection of stones from some of the special places we used to collect. Most recently I received the following stones:
Del Smith, Hemet, CA
Glaucophane from Palos Verdes, CA
"Beach Agate" from Palos Verdes, CA
Howlite from Tick Canyon, CA
Charles Piper, Palos Verdes, CA
Sent in by Federation Director Dorothy Beachler Palos Verdes Gem & Mineral Society
Napa County Common Opal from Napa, CA
"Tex" Willoughby, Posthumously
Sent by Edith Willoughby
Napa Valley Rock & Gem Club
Obicular Jasper from Morgan Hill, CA
Shirley Leeson, San Diego Mineral & Gem Society
There is a list of donors, now here is a list of the material .... If there is something you have that isn't listed, would you consider donating it to the Federation. Your name, your club, the name of the material and the location. We have received material from outside our Federation and will hold them, if you feel you want to include some other areas you have collected in, do send them in.
Here are types and locations of the cabs we now have:
There may be errors in the locations. If you can help with these or give a more accurate location, please contact me.
I have asked for a case to show these beautiful cabs in Turlock. If you want your cabs to be included, I must have them by May 15, 1999. Otherwise, they may be accepted at the Directors' Meeting and will be shown next year.
I would like to acknowledge those individual/clubs within the CFMS who donated cabs for the AFMS 50th Anniversary. The exhibit was awesome!
*Orlin J. Bell, posturnously
*Les Darling, posthumously
*Barbara Goss Pettit
*Richard "Dick" Swartz
Marie & Clarence Turner
Bernie & Carol Mauldin
Kay S. Hara
C. Don Hall
William & Margaret Norton
Northrop Grumman Gem & Mineral
William Berkley/John Bixby
Northrop Grumman gem & Mineral
Bernie Mauldin/Nick Duncan
Great Show Activities for Juniors
We've all seen it, many times at many shows: Mom or Dad totally absorbed in examining the latest batch of spectacular green fluorite from China or shrewdly negotiating that dollar discount on a new carbide wheel. And Junior? Well, we're not quite sure just where junior is --- until we hear that loud crash back by the fossil table! You know, the table that used to have a whole $5,000 dinosaur egg on it.
Let's face it: Kids have abundant energy and curiosity, and they won't sit still for long. We can either roll our eyes and complain about it --- or channel it into something that's both constructive and fun. Several years ago, the Carmel Valley Gem & Mineral Society began a "Kids' Corner" just outside their show hall, and each year it's grown to include new and improved activities that have helped keep kids happy and absorbed and that have elicited compliments from attendees and dealers, who appreciate an orderly show. Here are just a few ideas to consider for your next show:
* Grab Bags - A golden oldy that never goes out of style. To make it more interesting, slip a shiny gold pyrite nugget into every 10th bag and provide a gold pan for kids to dump the contents of their bags. The one with the "gold nugget" wins a second bag for free.
* Spinning Wheel or "Wheel of Fortune" This is another standard at many shows and provides bargains for kids who can't afford the high price of today's specimens. Start collecting items from club members early for some quality stuff-, not rough but polished slabs, nice minerals and fossils (along with identifying labels). The CVGMS marks one square a "Gold Prize" square with top-quality prizes, like cut and polished thunder eggs. The wheel is for kids only, with the price kept low. An alternative might be to set two prices: a higher one for adults and a lower one for kids 12 and under. The goal is to make kids feel special and give them something nice that their pocketbooks can afford.
* Rock Quiz - Test kids' knowledge of rocks, minerals, and fossils by giving them a quiz with perhaps a dozen simple questions (e.g., "name two blue minerals"). If they answer all the questions correctly, kids win a free grab bag or a free spin on the Spinning Wheel. Better yet, tie the questions to your exhibits so that kids are looking more closely and really studying the exhibits, making them a learning experience.
* Craft Comer - Set aside 2 or 3 picnic tables for kids to create rock critters, tumbled-stone jewelry, fossil casts, sun-catchers out of beach-polished glass, etc. The action here can get intense, so make sure you have enough volunteers for two supervisors at all times. At just 50 cents per activity, you'll find kids wanting to try them all. And for when the money runs out, have a comer of the table stocked with paper, crayons, and ink stamps for free.
* Excavating Fossils - Fill a long box with sand and bury fossils (shark teeth, fragments of petrified wood, bits of fossil bone, fossil coral, etc.). Provide kids with brushes and wire sieves, and you'll soon have a gaggle of budding paleontologists digging diligently for their first T. Rex!
* Touch Tables - Kids love to touch, but most exhibits are behind glass, and dealers tend to frown. Give kids an outlet for their natural desire to touch by setting up a table with a few large, sturdy specimens of crystals and gemmy minerals, fossils, and rocks.
* Treasure Chest - The next time you shop at a yard sale, look for a small beat-up chest that might have suited a pirate, and at your next gem show, fill it with tumbled stones for kids to sort through. Fifty cents fills half an egg carton with pirate treasure! This is the perfect place to put all those tumbled stones that are just too small for grab bags.
These are just a few tested and proven activities with kid appeal. Brainstorm at your next show planning meeting, perhaps even inviting the science teacher from the local elementary school to come up with more activities with educational value. And as always, have fun!
Fires in recreational vehicles are rare but the danger is always there on the highway and in camp. By being aware and prepared, you will be ready if fire does strike. There is great potential for fire in a RV and many from little known fire hazards: fuel accidents, electrical malfunction, cooking carelessness, hot tires and brakes, faulty and damaged fuel lines, faulty and damaged propane appliances, just to mention a few.
Modem technology and high-tech electronic sensors are a marvel for RVer's. Every RV should (must) have a smoke detector for the obvious reasons. In addition to the essential smoke detector consider adding: Carbon Monoxide Detector, Propane Leak Detector and Temperature Detector for engine and generator compartments.
I hope you all have a fire plan and fire drills at home. You also need one for your RV when traveling and in camp. Take into account your specific situation - your family members (age, handicaps, pets, size and design of your RV) and camping situation. Develop a plan and practice the plan.
If fire should strike
I know that you know the meaning of this word. I want you to think about it from the standpoint of the Slide and Video Library. This library is for the benefit of all the clubs in our California Federation of Mineralogical Societies. It cost money to build this library and so it behooves us to maintain this library.
With the cost of speakers still going up, there is a need for a lower cost program source.
Now I return to the subject of Critique. I include a Critique and Suggestion form as well as a program order form with each program that I mail to each and every club. Every club is eligible to obtain slide and or video programs from the Federation library.
The Critique and Suggestion Form has three headings;
April showers have brought out the May flowers for all the wonderful field trips and other activities you have planned. My own recognition choices for May is the hard working leaders of the CFMS "Geology Camp", who will have provided us again with a marvelous week at ZZYZX, located north of Barstow. I present Izzy and Bill Burns, Florence and Ray Meisenheimer, Sue Hickman, Cal Clason, and all the other instructors and the cooks. Now for your club's choices.
The Northrop Grumman Gem & Mineral Club presents Bill Berkley. Bill always shows consistent willingness to take the initiative in Club matters, setting a fine example for others. In his own quiet way, Bill keeps things moving in the right direction.
The Sutter Buttes Gem & Mineral Society presents Leonard Rocha. Leonard is Co-Founder of the club and has been Educational Director for the local schools since then. He teaches the Mineral Identification class, has served in many club positions, and is the entertaining MC for the annual Installation of Officers. He is a gifted amateur geologist-mineralogist with an excellent collection of journals, books, and mineral specimens. These he shares for study along with use of his microscopes. Most of all, he is an inspirational speaker for activities, truly one-of-a-kind and irreplaceable.
The 1999 Honorary Award Winners for the AFMS Scholarship Foundation have been selected by their respective regional federations. These Honorees have been chosen for their contributions to the Earth Science Field and to our hobby. Each one will assist in the selection of two graduate students who are pursuing their advanced degrees in a branch of the Earth Sciences. The Foundation will then provide scholarship grants for each student in the amount of $2,000 per year for the school years 1999-2000 and 2000-2001.
A total of 181 individuals have been named for this Award from the AFMS Scholarship Foundation since 1965. Scholarship grants have been received by a total of 375 students from the Foundation.
The 1999 Honarary Award Winner from the California Federation is:
Dr. George R. Rossman, Professor of Mineralogy, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California.
Dr. Romanian, a native of LaCrosse, Wisconsin, received his B.S. in Chemistry and Mathematics from Wisconsin State University, Eau Claire, and his Ph.D. in Chemistry from the California Institute of Technology, Pasadena. Widely known for his research in spectroscopic studies of minerals, he gives freely of his time to present programs and talks on his research to many mineralogy clubs. These studies include problems relating to the origin of color phenomena in minerals. For the past eighteen years he has been and remains an active participant as a member of several professional organizations.
Nominations are needed again for an Honoree to be selected for the AFMS Scholarship Foundation Award. The selection will be made by the CFMS Jury of Awards Committee at our Fall Business Meeting in Visalia but we need names and qualifications of people who could be honored by this Award.
Guidelines to keep in mind when making your nomination are: The nominee
Bob Stultz, Chairman
November 1, 1999 is the latest date that nominations may be received but please don't wait until the last minute to send in your names. There are many people who are deserving of this award and the Committee would like to have several names to consider when making their selection.
Every club that runs a gem show knows the importance of advertising, and with 60% of all US households now connected to the Internet, it's becoming quite important that we include the Net in our plans. It can be a very effective complement to existing methods like newspapers, direct mail, radio, cable TV, flyers and sign & banners. With a little effort you can reach thousands of people without spending a cent of your advertising budget.
There are several ways to get your event advertised on the Internet. These include:
Show calendar e-mail addresses
E-mail discussion lists
Before you start, you should spend a little time to get prepared. This includes writing very brief copy that gives the Who, What, Where & When of the event and developing, if possible, a full web page to summarize all the details and give a map of how to get there.
For examples of catchy ad copy, see local newspapers and magazines, and for examples of good web page design, browse other show sites to see what they've done.
Now with an electronic copy of your event advertising text and your new web page address, you're ready to start posting to the Net. First stop will be several event calendars. Submit to these AS EARLY AS POSSIBLE.
SHOW CALENDARS VIA THE WEB
Several Web sites have nationwide show calendars that will be seen by numerous people browsing the Net. Most popular are:
hnp://www.gemdata.com/ Rockhounds Show Calendar hilp://www.rockhounds.com/
rockgem/showlist.html Treasure Net Show Calendar hnp://www.binmary.net/treasure/
Don't forget to send your show news to Dee Clason, CFMS Show Dates Chair-see back page.
SHOW CALENDARS VIA E-MAIL
Some magazine show calendars have started to accept submissions via e-mail. Check all your local magazines, civic newsletters, newspapers, radio and TV stations for e-mail addresses. Submitting to them electronically is quick and avoids many clerical errors over copy that is typed manually.
Timing is important with calendar listings. It's best not to submit too early as some copy might be lost. Rather you should time your mailings so each publication gets your listing with ample time before they go to press with the issue that comes out just before your event. But note that this might be five months in the case of a quarterly publication.
E-MAIL DISCUSSION LISTS
Many rockhounds keep in touch via e-mail discussions lists where every message sent to the list address is copied back out to all who have subscribed to the list. A short announcement sent to these lists a week before your event can be a useful reminder for those list members who will be in the area. Give just the event name, date, time, web site address and contact information. Keep in mind that some of these lists are international in scope, so it's quite impossible for most members to attend your show. My favorite lists are:
LA-Rocks Field Trip List
It's useful to send a personalized e-mail invitation to everyone in your address book that might be in the area of the event. This includes all the rock club e-mail contact addresses listed on the CFMS Web site at http://www.cfmsinc.org Be sure to summarize what makes your event different from all the rest.
You might even send an e-mail copy of the announcement to each of your fellow club members and ask them to forward it out to all their friends in the local area. If you know ten and they in turn know ten, you've reached another hundred people.
Corrections or additions are welcomed. Please contact me anytime.
from Cedar Valley Gems via Drywasher's Gazette 2/99
Although silver was discovered later than gold and copper, it has been known and used by humankind since prehistoric times. Heredotus, the Greek historian, knew of silver used to make coins and beads, exploited from the river sands of the Pactolus in Lydia. The Chinese wrote of silver metals in 2500 B.C. In the earliest prehistoric strata at the site of Troy, considerable deposits of silver and gold treasure have been excavated. Among the artifacts, silver bracelets and gold earrings, ornaments placed in a silver cup and more than 8000 beads were buried in the ancient city 2000 years before Christ.
The most ancient silver mines of importance were in Asia Minor and on islands in the Aegean Sea. The Romans obtained most of their silver from Spain until supplies became scarce during the Middle Ages. After the discovery of the Americas in 1492, Mexico became the largest silver producing country in the world. Canada and the United States also produce significant amounts of silver
Silver is a lustrous white metal, widely distributed in nature. In ores, it is commonly associated with gold, lead, and copper. Much of the world's silver is obtained as a by-product of smelting these other metals. Horn-silver (AgCl) is found in the oxidized portions of ore-bearing lodes near the surface. Small amounts of silver in the oxidation zone form as the more complex compounds erode and weather. At deeper levels silver occurs as sulfides, arsenides, antimonides (compounds of silver with sulfur, arsenic and antimony). In these deposits, formation is the result of deposition from primary hydrothermal solutions. Argentite occurs in low temperature hydrothermal veins in association with other silver minerals or sometimes in the cementation zone of lead and zinc deposits.
When found in a metallic state, it is called "native silver". Native silver usually occurs in dendritic and wire-like forms which are aggregates of minute crystals. Silver may also occur in thin sheets or in large masses. In Kongsberg, Norway, magnificent crystalline wire specimens occur in associations with sulfides, calcite, barite, fluorite and quartz.
The world's largest specimen of massive silver was mined in Aspen, Colorado, and weighs in at 844 pounds. On the Keweenaw Peninsula of Michigan, small amounts of primary native silver can be found in association with native copper. In Mexico, the Guanajuato Mine has been in operation since the year 1500 A.D. During that time, more than 500 billion kilos of silver have been mined.
About three-fourths of the world's silver production is used for monetary purposes, either as coins or as bullion that governments hold to redeem paper currency. The leading industrial use of silver is for the manufacture of tableware and jewelry. The second largest industrial consumer is the photographic industry. Compounded with bromine or chlorine, silver forms the salts which register fight and shade on photographic film Silver has the highest thermal and electrical conductivity of any substance, making it ideal for use in electronic equipment. Silver is second only to gold in malleability. One ounce of silver can be drawn into a wire 30 miles long. A silver leaf can be beaten to a thickness of I/ 100,000 of an inch.
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Good News for SLO and Vicinity
DeWAYNE B. SHARP
Ph/FAX: (805) 781-0711
Fee: Travel expenses
GEM CARVING IS FUN, AND MUCH EASIER THAN MOST PEOPLE THINK - Mr. Sharp's presentation consists of a slide show on tools and techniques of gemstone carving. He shows a series of step-by-step. pictures on the development of a complete project. Techniques used for both hard and soft stones, and the machines used are discussed, including how to build some of your own tools. He will also bring samples of finished pieces and answer questions.
Mr. Sharp is a charter member of the California Carvers' Guild and the California Gem Carvers. He has been a frequent demonstrator at gem shows in the SF Bay area and has taught a popular carving course for CFMS Earth Science Studies at Camp Paradise. His carvings in jade, quartz, and agate have stimulated much interest in this ancient (now newly revived) art.