Vol. XXXVIII, No. 10 --- October 2001

CFMS Newsletter

Table of Contents
The View From Here
Fall Business Meeting
Deadline - Committee Chair Person Reports
Committee Meeting Reservations
Our Collecting Areas Are Being Taken Away!
2002 CFMS Bulletin Contest
Child Safety
AFMS Scholorship Foundation Honary Winner - 2001
CFMS Jury of Awards for AFMS Scholarship 2002
Million Pennies for AFMS Scholorship Fondation
E-mail Address Change
First Aid Hint
Nominating Committee Report
The Bola Tie Revisited
The Golden Era of the San Gabriels
Timely Notification of Show Dates is a Must
Well Deservied Recognition
Wiley Well District Field Trip - Take 2
Education Through Sharing
Mines of El Corado County


By Bob Stultz, CFMS President
CFMS President

     In July, Jeane and I were privileged to attend and display at the Culver City Gem & Mineral Show. It seemed to be a very successful show; attendance appeared to be good and the dealers seemed to be happy with their sales. I asked Brad Smith, one of the Show Committee members, what they had done to draw so many people in to the show. He said they had used the club website to advertise their show, in addition to the usual methods of reaching the public. This appears to be a way to let a lot of people know about a show without spending a lot of money. Something to think about for clubs who are looking for new ways to publicize their shows.

     It has been a long time since we have had a federation Show near the Placerville area. This is a place where you can spend some time enjoying the history of the Mother Lode. The El Dorado County Mineral & Gem Society is well into the work of preparing for the 2002 CFMS Show. So when you receive your show packet in Visalia, please pass the information along to your club members.

     The Fall Business Meeting in Visalia is getting close. Don't forget to make your hotel and banquet reservations. Camping will be allowed, as it has been in the past. It would be very nice if all the clubs in the California Federation would send a representative to the meeting. Some people have said they have nothing to say about what goes on in the Federation. Each and every club has a voice through their Director, and every Director can be heard at this meeting. So send your Director and let your voice be heard.


The following notice is reprinted for your convenience:

Saturday, November 10, 2001
Holiday Inn, Visalia

By Bob Stultz, CFMS President

     The Annual Fall Business Meeting and election of officers for 2002 will be held at the Holiday Inn Plaza Park, Visalia, CA on Saturday, November 10, 2001.

    The Friday night Cracker Barrel and informal get-together will be in the Pine/ Cedar room on Friday night, November 9, at 7:30 p.m. Societies are asked to bring cookies and/or healthful snacks for this meeting. Coffee and tea will be provided.

    The Business Meeting will be in the Pine/Cedar room on Saturday, November 10. Registration begins at 8:00 a.m.; the meeting will start at 9:00 a.m. (Directors, be sure to bring your copy of the Agenda that was mailed to you.) Any CFMS members may attend the meeting, but only directors may vote.

    Room reservations at the Holiday Inn must be made directly with the Holiday Inn. There is a special rate for our CFMS event. To get this special rate, tell them you are with CFMS.

    You must make these reservations by October 8, 2001. Phone (559) 651-5000.

Single occupancy $74.00
Double occupancy $74.00
Triple occupancy $74.00
Premium room $94.00
Add 10% room tax plus local tax
Check-in time is 3:00 p.m., check-out time is 12:00 noon.

Call now - beat the rush!


Installation of 2002 Officers

Our Saturday evening social event will begin at 6:00 p.m. with a no-host bar and visiting. Dinner will be served at 7:00 p.m.

Green Salad
Chicken Princess
Roasted Herbed Red Potatoes
Carrots with Mint Glaze
Fruit Cobbler

Cost is $21.00 (includes tax and gratuity)

If you have special dietary needs, please contact Bob Stultz and he will see if the hotel can accommodate your needs.

Make banquet reservations by October 31. Mail check and reservations to:

Pat LaRue
P.O. Box 1657
Rialto, CA 92377-1657


By Pat LaRue

     Committee reports are to be in the hands of Pat LaRue, CFMS Executive Secretary/Treasurer by Thursday, October 25.

     The reports need to be duplicated and placed in the Directors' packets in advance of the Directors' Meeting in Visalia on November 10.

     Should you be unable to get your report in to Pat by the deadline, please prepare 150 copies of the report to be distributed at the Directors' Meeting.


By JoAnna Ritchey, First Vice President

    Committee chairmen should reserve time now for their Committee Meetings on Friday, November 9, 2001 in the Walnut Room at the Holiday Inn at Visalia.

    So far, the schedule is as follows:
2:00 - 4:00 Executive Commitee
9:00 - 10:00 p.m. (approx.) - Scholarship Committee (following the Cracker Barrel)

    Call or write JoAnna Ritchey for reservations at:

224 Oaks Avenue
Monrovia, CA 91016-2115
Phone: (626) 359-1624
E-mail: j.ritchey@verizon.net


By Steve Ivie,
Chairman, Field Trip - South

     I read the article in the CFMS newsletter this month from Dick Pankey regarding the identification of our collecting areas, and I agree that it is a very good idea. We need to identify the areas where we collect to better protect their availability.

     The article also said that a BLM representative stated that the BLM does not intend to further restrict our collecting areas. I see mixed messages coming from the BLM. For many months, the BLM has been having meetings to decide the fate of OUR DESERT. Because of a lawsuit filed against the BLM by the Sierra Club and others to enforce the Endangered Species Act, the BLM is actively pursuing a proposed closure of the majority of the roads that we use to get to our collecting areas.

     They call this "the development of a vehicle access network on BLM lands". The irony of that statement is that there IS an established network of roads in the desert, and what they are doing is closing that network. They have nothing but closures in all the maps I have reviewed, and not a single new road.

     Of course they don't plan to further restrict our collecting areas. We can still collect in them after walking many miles each way in the desert! Clever way to close an area-it's still open, but you just can't get to it.

     Just in the last week or two, I received an E-mail regarding another such closure of sorts, and the following text is from the BLM's website. "The Bureau of Land Management (BLM) has issued a proposed order to temporarily close to camping approximately 25,600 acres of public land east of the Imperial Sand Dunes in Imperial County to protect desert tortoise habitat. The area would not be closed to vehicles traveling on existing routes."

     "BLM is implementing the closures as part of a settlement agreement reached in response to a lawsuit filed by the Center for Biological Diversity, the Sierra Club, and the Public Employees for Environmental Responsibility regarding the Endangered Species Act."

     What this means is that the BLM is already making concessions to the above groups while they are still having meetings to supposedly discuss the public opposition to the road closures. I attended one of the meetings in Ridgecrest, hosted by the BLM, to discuss the closures in the Randsburg, El Paso and Newbury Springs areas.

     I decided to go because I wanted to better understand how the issues of closures were being handled. Another reason was that the BLM sent the meeting notifications so they arrived the day before the meeting. This short notice, combined with a meeting that starts at 6 p.m., 170 miles from my house, I felt would lower attendance and, as such, would not be properly represented.

    At the meeting, I was greeted by many other groups fighting these closures including the Ranchers Association, Off Road Racing Association, 4 wheeler groups, horse riding groups, bird watchers and private citizens. Worried handicapped individuals also expressed their fears that closing routes would effectively prevent them from visiting old favorite sites. Even some local cities hired lawyers to represent them in these closures.

    As others took turns speaking, I listened to many who had checked the road closures on the maps. Some of the comments were that 1) The BLM shows keeping open existing paved roads; 2) they show closing a route that is passable in exchange for keeping open a parallel route which is impassable by vehicle, 3) they show keeping open a creek bed but closing the road next to it.

     The reason is that the BLM has not checked these roads themselves, but are relying on aerial photos to decide which roads to close. At the meeting I mentioned that I was from the CFMS. Many thanked me for coming, as they were hoping we would get involved. It appears that we have not had any representation in these meetings. Brad Tanas, the President of the Del Air Rockhounds Club attended the meeting with me. We were the only rockhound voices.

     Brad and I spoke on your behalf to voice the loss if these roads are closed. I asked what would be a safe distance to walk in the desert without endangering one's health. I also told them that as I get older, I find it harder to walk long distances in the desert. I am only in my forties, so what about our seniors? Don't they have a right to use this desert? Without road access, it is effectively closed.

     The general feeling I got from those with whom I talked is that the BLM is caving in to the lawsuit and these meetings are merely formality. No matter what is said, they will close the areas. But what if there are more voices to say that we care? There are definitely enough voices coming from the environmentalists. I am not one with much free time, and like you, I can't attend all these meetings no matter how much I care.

     However, you don't have to go to the meetings in order to try to save your hobby. Call the number for the Barstow BLM office or the "West Mojave Team" at 1-909-697-5294 and request to be placed on the list to receive maps of ALL the areas currently under review, and also those scheduled for future review. These maps show all the proposed road closures. These maps are sent to you free of charge. Then respond in writing to the BLM, voicing opinion on the closings to Bureau of Land management, Attn: West Mojave Planning Team, 6221 Box Springs Blvd., Riverside, CA. 92507. One of the BLM websites that gives latest updates is

    If you want to review the maps and pick out specific areas that need to remain open, do so, or you can simply voice your feelings on these closures in general.

     What we can't do is be silent, or we will lose by not objecting. These are our public lands and we have rights to access them. We make very little impact on the desert, and denying us access is just not right.

     A common saying I hear is that they want to preserve the desert for future generations. Which generation will get to sleep under the moon in the desert and walk through the sands, admire side-winders, rabbits and roadrunners and, of course, collect some of its beauty in the form of rocks and minerals? My sons, his sons?

     Each of us must take individual actions by either getting involved, or simply sending a letter stating your position or feelings on these proposed closures. If they do not hear from many of us, then when this is over we will find that it is too late, and our collecting areas will be locked away. Once closed it will be a much harder, if not impossible, fight to get them reopened.


By Dee Clason, BAC 2001

Following are images of the contest rules, procedures, and score sheets copied from the CFMS newsletter.


By Chuck McKie,
CFMS Safety Chair 2001

Keep Your Child Safe

     Always supervise young children in the kitchen. Keep sharp objects out of children's reach. Always turn the handles of pots and pans on the stove inward so that children can't reach them. Be careful not to leave cups or other containers of hot fluids where children can reach them. Keep the temperature of hot water below 120°F (49°C) by turning down the temperature of your hot water heater.

A Good Baby Sitter

     What makes a "good" baby sitter who is asked back again and again? There is no one characteristic that makes someone a good baby sitter. Instead, a good baby sitter successfully combines the knowledge and skills associated with leadership, safety and safe play, basic care, first aid, and professionalism.

     Here are some tips to get you started on the road to safety while baby sitting. Always be aware that an infant or child can be burned by anything that is hot, including food, bath water, heaters, and stoves or ovens. Make sure that homes where you baby sit are equipped with operating smoke alarms. Keep matches, lighters, and candles away from children at all times.

     Talk to parents or guardians about a Family Fire Escape Plan. Know how to use the fire extinguisher and where it is located. Teach children to Stop, Drop, and Roll if their clothing catches on fire. If fire occurs, get yourself and the children out and don't return to a burning building. Your job is to protect the children, not their belongings. To learn more about safety, prevention, and baby sitting, take the American Red Cross Baby sitter's Training course. For information on signing up for a course, contact your local Red Cross.

Child Safety

     With a baby or young child in your family, you know there is nothing more important than safety. Whether you're a parent or a child caregiver, there are steps you can take to keep babies and children safe. Follow these general safety rules. Use safe playgrounds. Use gates on stairs. Always supervise children in or near water. Buckle up. Never keep guns in any child care setting. Call the poison control center if you think a child has been poisoned.

     Post emergency numbers next to your telephone. Take an American Red Cross course in first aid and infant/child CPR. Make sure that others caring for your children are certified as well. Contact your local Red Cross chapter for more information.

     Other Resources: The ABCs of Safe and Healthy Child Care from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC); American Academy of Pediatrics; American Red Cross Baby sitter's Training; American Red Cross First Aid and CPR; Consumer Product Safety Commission; National Child Care Association; National Child Care Information Center; National Resource Center for Health and Safety in Child Care Zero to Three
Via the Red Cross on the internet


From AFMS Newsletter, Sept.2001

     The 2001 Honorary Award winners for the AFMS Scholarship Foundation have been selected by their respective regional federations. These Honorees have been chosen for their outstanding contributions to our hobby and to the Earth Science field. Each one will assist in the selection of two graduate students who are pursuing their advanced degrees in a branch of the Earth Sciences. Grants for each student will be provided by the Foundation in the amount of $2,000 per year for the school years 2001-02 and 2002-3.

     A total of 194 individuals have been named for this Award from the AFMS Scholarship Foundation since the first award was given in 1965. Scholarship grants have been issued to 404 students to date.

     The Officers and Directors of the AFMS Scholarship Foundation are pleased to confirm the selection of these Honorary Award winners for 2001. The CFMS Awardee is: Dr. Gary L. Peterson, Professor of Geology, San Diego State University, San Diego, California.

     Dr. Peterson received his B.A. in Geology at the University of Colorado, Boulder; both his M.S. and Ph.D. degrees iln Geology at the University of Washington, Seattle. He has been on the faculty of San Diego State University since 1963 as a Professor of Geology. Becoming interested in the field of Planetary Geology, he has set up a web site announcing a speaker service on that subject. He has given many talks on this subject to several clubs in the San Diego County are. One of his programs is titled "Exploring the Martian Desert".


By Jack F. Williams, Chairman
CFMS Jury of Awards for AFMS Scholarship

     Each year the California Federation selects one individual to be honored by placing with that individual the privilege of selecting the university of his or her choice for the selection of two students to receive the American Federation Scholarship for that year. The individual, the California Federation's Honoree, assists in the selection of the students then studying for his or her Master's or Doctor's Degree, and in need of financial assisance of this scholarship.


     Through the names of individuals submitted to the CFMS Jury of Awards Committee by our member Societies. Your Society could have that privilege and honor!


     First, the person whose name is to be submitted never should be advised that his/her name is being presented for consideration by our Committee.

     Second, the individual a) should be one well versed in the Earth Sciences education-wise, and should have, over the years, extended services to individuals, societies, etc. in matters relating to our hobby and its various facets; b) should have contributed to the furtherance of our hobby and the Earth Sciences in general; and c) should have shared his or her knowledge of the Earth Sciences with the layman and the rockhound. The person need not be a member of a CFMS Society..


     Documentation of the individual's background -- the more, the better. This is tough sometimes, as some of our very worthy individuals are very closemouthed to you and to me about their efforts, their endeavors, their partaking of their vast stare of knowledge. There are many individuals who could and would be considered for this Honor, but we need the submission of that documentation. There are ways and means of obtaining the necessary information. Newspaper clippings, or family and friends who can be depended upon to be discreet.

     Libraries are good sources of information - "Men of the West", "Who's Who", and a number of other like publications. I repeat, there are a good number of people within our Federation boundaries worthy of this honor.


     Your documentation should be sent to the undersigned as chair of the CFMS Jury of Awards Committee. The current year's Second Vice President chairs the Committee, and the current President and the immediate Past President complete the committee.

     The Committee will meet and review all documentation submitted and make a decision of the individual to be so honored that year. The material submitted by our Societies is never discarded, so if your nominee is not chosen one year, there is always a chance he or she will be considered another year.

     November 1, 2001 is the latest date that nominations may be received, but please don't wait until the last minute to send in your names. There are many people who are deserving of this award, and the Committee would like to have several names to consider when making their selection.


By Izzie Burns, AFMS President
From the September 2001 AFMS Newsletter

     In recognition of Louellen Montgomey and her 18 years as President of the AFMS Scholarship Foundation, let's raise a million pennies between now and November 1. That's $10,000 and amounts to just 20 cents for each member of an AFMS affiliated club. Send your donation to your regional AFMS Scholarship Coordinator today and honor a grand lady and the work that she has done.

Send to:
Keesa Stewart, Chair
AFMS Scholarship Committee
153 Scenic Court
Concord, CA 94518-2038


     Bob and Dot Beachler, Co-Chairs of the All American Committee, have advised us of a change in their e-mail address. Please check your June issue of the CFMS Newsletter, Officers and Chairmen's Roster, page 19. Change their e-mail address to: rrbeachler@home.com


Del Air Bulletin via
Rockhound News via Northwest Newsletter


     Elmer's glue can remove cactus needles from your hide. Cover the area with glue, let dry and then peel off-needles and glue.

Presenting the Slate for the November Election

By Charles Leach, Chairman
CFMS Nominating Committee

     The CFMS Nominating Committee recommends the following people as officers of the California Federation of Mineralogical Societies for the year 2002:

President: Jo Anna Ritchey

Qualifications: President Elect

First Vice President: Jack William

Qualifications: Present Second Vice President

Recommendation: El Dorado County Mineral & Gem Society

Second Vice President: Lois Allmen

Qualifications - Present Secretary

Recommendation - Oxnard Gem & Mineral Society

Treasurer: - William Gissler

Qualifications - Present Treasurer

Recommendation - Santa Clara Valley Gem & Mineral Society

Secretary: Colleen McGann

Qualifications: She has served as President of our Club and is now Treasurer. Colleen was our Field Trip Chair, arranging our trips and representing us at North Bay Field Trips. She served as Secretary and President in NBFT. She has served as our Federation Representative, making our Club more aware of the Federation and encouraging Club members to display at sister clubs. She currently holds the CFMS Education Through Sharing Chair. Colleen has displayed frequently, both for education and in competition. She has always been an invaluable asset to our Club.

Recommendation - Peninsula Gem & Geology Society, Inc.

Charles Leach, Chairman
CFMS Nominating Committee


Original source unknown.
The Nugget 9/01 via Breccia 6/98

     The bola (not bolo) tie, though known in much of the world, is most prevalent in the Southwestern U.S. There are many stories as to the origin of the bola tie, but the one that is normally accepted started in 1949 with Victor E. Cedarstaff of Wickenburg, Arizona.

     Cedarstaff was riding horseback when the wind blew his hat off; the band had come loose. Instead of putting it back on the hat, he put the band around his neck. A friend saw this and remarked, "Nice tie you're wearing!" That gave Vic an idea. He was a silversmith and had taught leather craft, so he made a tie from leather lacings and attached silver balls at the end. Then he made a silver slide with a piece of turquoise on it and slipped in on the lacings. This attracted attention, and he began to get orders to make them. He was unable to get a patent on the tie because such a slide arrangement was already in existence.

     One problem was to make the slide so it would slip but not damage the leather. Eventually, he designed a yoke which held the leather properly and eliminated the necessity of having to slip the tie over the head. Now he had something new, and on this modification he was issued a patent.

     He needed a name for the tie which would help popularize it, and first called it a Piggin Necklet after the piggin string that cowboys used. Sometime later, a friend who had been to Argentina showed Vic a device he had brought back called a bola. This was used in Argentina for catching cattle and it reminded Vic of what he had made. The initial name never caught on, and Vic decided to call his tie a bola. It is now the official neckwear of Arizona.


By Wally Ford
From The Agatizer, October 1999

     It is well known that the gold discovery at Sutter's Mill on the American River is what sparked the rush of 1849. However, it is little known that in 1842, Don Juan found gold in Placerita Canyon. Within days, the word spread throughout southern California and into northern Mexico. Answering the siren's call, Mexican miners from Sonora, Mexico rushed north to the various rivers in the San Gabriel Mountains where the virgin placer deposits lay in waiting. Soledad, Pacoima, San Gabriel, and Lytle Creek canyons were heavily exploited.

     Even before this, it has been said that some of the San Fernando and Santa Barbara mission neophytes were "employed" to pan the gravels near Newhall in 1842.

     By the 1860's, the river gravels were facing depletion, encouraging the search for outcropping quartz gold veins. The Mexican miners working in Soledad Canyon were the first to exploit such new occurrences. The ore was crushed by a primative mill called an arrastre to the consistency of sand and taken to the river and panned. Gold ran between $30 and $40.

     Don Manuel Ravenna, a Los Angeles businessman, organized a copper mining company in 1862. The copper deposit had been located on the slope of Parker Mountain near Acton. Soon, a small cluster of shacks, a livery stable, and blacksmith shop became Soledad city. The operation was short-lived due to a drop in copper prices. The "town" was revived, taking on a new name, Ravenna, and becoming a gold-mining center in 1864.

     By the 1870's, lode mining had shifted up the Santa Clara River to the vicinity of what is now Acton. This, the Cedar mining district, became the most productive gold producer in the San Gabriel Mountains. The ore occurred in fractured granite, gabbro, and schist. The gold in quartz was free milling, with pyrite an accessory mineral. There were extensive underground workings, 1,000-foot inclined shafts, tunnels, and adits.

     Of the dozen or so mines, the Buena Esperanza and Red Rover produced $1.5 million. The High Grade and Puritan earned $550,000. as many as 10 stamp mills were in operation.

     Large-scale commercial hydraulic mining of the river gravels was feasible in the San Gabriel and Lytle Creek canyons. This process requires large volumes of water. Monitor or large nozzles played a powerful stream against the gravel banks, washing the material into sluices. Several million dollars of fine gold was recovered.

     While visiting the Red Rover mine, a student in my geology class picked up a grapefruit-sized rock on the waste dump that had a thin gold seam running through it! Near the parked car, I found a raisin-sized nugget!


By Editor

     Recently there have been a few cases of either miscommunications, or lack of communications, from the Club show committees to our Show Dates Chair, Dee Clason, about upcoming shows.

     In order for Dee to list the shows in the CFMS Newsletter in a timely manner, keep in mind that she must receive the information well in advance of your show date. The CFMS Newsletter is prepared a whole month ahead of its publication date.

     So, for instance, if you have an October show planned, she must have had the information in her hands by August 1st in order for her to send it to the CFMS Newsletter editor for publication in the September and October issues. And of course, a couple of months earlier would be even better, to have it published even three or four months prior to the show.

     Please do not depend upon the web master to relay the show information to the Show Dates Chair, because that's not the way it's designed to work. It's exactly the reverse-the Web Master gets his show date information from the Newsletter. If you happen to see that you've missed the deadline to Dee Clason, and send a quickie e-mail or note to the Web Master, he will no doubt comply and get your notice into the web site listing.

     Then, it's your responsibility to notify Dee Clason as well. There is no telepathic brain-wave relay system in place between the Web Master and the Show Dates Chair.

     The CFMS Shows and Events page clearly states: "We will put in all shows and events sponsored by a CFMS Club or Society and open to other clubs/societies. Please let me know as soon as you have a date for your event. IT MUST BE IN WRITING."

     And after you've written to give your Show Dates listing, please check the page in the CFMS Newsletter to make sure the listing is correct.

     Okay, enough sermonizing-now that you've been reminded of the rules, let's let the system work.



     In The April 2000 issue of this Newsletter, we printed a story about the approval by the International Mineralogical Association of a new mineral named "Juanitaite", discovered over 30 years ago by Juanita Curtis, our first CFMS Executive Secretary. She has received the Golden Bear Award and has been a Scholarship Honoree.

     Just this past week, the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County issued a press release regarding the approval of the new mineral name, with the headliner, "MUSEUM VOLUNTEER FINALLY RECOGNIZED FOR A NEW MINERAL SHE DISCOVERED 30 YEARS AGO." (See the website http://www.nhm.research/minsci/index.htm) . Juanita and her daughter, Julie, are volunteers in the Mineral Sciences Department of the Museum, and the press release was a way of publicizing the achievement of one of their volunteers.

     What followed was extremely gratifying for Juanita-the article appeared in several L.A. area newspapers, and she was interviewed for a segment on a Channel 2 (CBS) TV news program. Juanita's reaction to it all? "I'm thrilled!" she said.

Do you know what to do in case of a heart attack?

By Chuck McKie,
CFMS Safety Chair 2001

Cardiac Chain of Survival

     Cardiovascular disease is one of the most common causes of death for all ages. Would you know what to do if a loved one or co-worker were to suffer a heart attack? Learning how and being prepared to use CPR is an excellent beginning. However, CPR is only one of the links in what is known as the Cardiac Chain of Survival. The links in the cardiac chain of survival include:

  • Early Recognition and Early Access. The sooner 9-1-1 or your local emergency number is called, the sooner early advanced life support arrives.
  • Early CPR. Early CPR helps circulate blood that contains oxygen to the vital organs until an Automated External Defibrillator (AED) is ready for use or advanced medical personnel arrive.
  • Early Defibrillation. Most victims of sudden cardiac arrest need an electric shock called defibrillation to restore the heart to a regular rhythm. Each minute that defibrillation is delayed reduces the victim's chance of survival by about 10 percent.
  • Early Advanced Life Support. This is given by trained medical personnel who provide further care and transport to hospital facilities. Almost a third of the deaths from sudden cardiac arrest could have been prevented if an AED had been available for immediate use at the time of the emergency

     By following the links in the Cardiac Chain of Survival you can increase the victim's chances of survival. To learn more about Adult CPR/AED Training, American Red Cross CPR and first aid programs, or our health and safety services programs, contact your local Red Cross chapter. or American College of Emergency Physicians Chain of Survival Home Page via the Red Cross on the internet

Cardiac Arrest

     Sign up for an American Red Cross CPR course. Consider these sobering facts: Seventy-five percent of all out-of-hospital cardiac arrests occur in the home. About 1.25 million people experience a heart attack in the U.S. each year; 500,000 of these attacks result in death. About 250,000 deaths (that's 20%!) occur within the first hour of the onset of symptoms. More than 160,000 deaths occur before the age of 65. An emergency with an infant or child (aged 0-8) is more likely to involve a breathing problem. To learn more about American Red Cross CPR, please contact your local Red Cross chapter.


     Did you know that more than 2,800 people die each year as a result of choking? This is the time of the year when many families and friends get together for large meals and good times. Would you be able to recognize if a family member or friend started to choke? Do you know what activities might lead to choking? Here are some common causes of choking:

  • Trying to swallow large pieces of poorly chewed food.
  • Drinking alcohol before or during meals. Alcohol dulls the nerves that aid in swallowing.
  • Wearing dentures. Dentures make it difficult to sense whether food is fully chewed before it is swallowed. Eating while talking excitedly or laughing.
  • Eating too fast. Walking, playing, or running with food or objects in the mouth.

     These are just some of the causes of choking. If you want to learn more about the signals of choking or the care needed to give to a person who is choking, sign up for a CPR course. Contact your local Red Cross chapter for a schedule of courses in your area.

Alzheimer's Risk Factors

     Here is yet another reason (besides protecting your heart) to control your blood pressure and cholesterol. A study of more than 1,400 people published in the June 16, 2001 issue of the British Medical Journal concluded that those with high cholesterol or blood pressure in middle age had greater than double the risk of developing Alzheimer's disease when compared to people with normal blood pressure and cholesterol. Your physician can help you lower your blood pressure and cholesterol.

January 28 - February 1, 2002
Hosted by CFMS Field Trip Chairman - North

By Richard Pankey,
Chairman, Field Trips - North

     Back by popular demand. We had such a great field trip in 2000 we are going to do it again in 2002. We will be celebrating the 2nd anniversary of the dedication of this area as the Hauser Bed Educational and Recreational Area. We will collect at the traditional sites as well as some new ones. A great variety of materials are available to collect in the Wiley Well District. There are several productive geode beds including Hauser Beds, Roads End, Potato Patch, Straw Beds and Hidden Saddle Beds. All of these sites are in the Black Hills. Agate, chalcedony, jasper, pastilite, botryoidal psilomelane and crystal filled amydules are found throughout the hills and washes. Another major rockhound attraction is the Opal Hill fire agate mine. This is a fee dig area located in the Mule Mts. Besides the very fine fire agate, quartz crystal "flowers", calcite crystals, chalcedony nodules and other mineral specimens can be found.

     The end of January may seem like a long way off, but not for rockhounds planning their annual pilgrimage to Quartzsite and for planning our field trip to one of the finest collecting areas in southeast California. Five days of collecting are planned for the CFMS - North field trip to the Wiley Well District on Jan. 28 to Feb. 1, 2002. This is a Monday through Friday. The Wiley Well area is a long-time, well known collecting area for geodes, agate, pastelite, psilomelane, fire agate, chalcedony roses, petrified wood, and much, much more. The Wiley Well area is southwest of Blythe. We will camp just off the Wiley Well road about 12.5 miles south of I-10. The campsite is a large, flat, open area suitable for trailers, motorhomes and tenters.

     This field trip is being planned to coordinate with the activities at Quartzsite. The QIA and Tyson Well Shows are running a week earlier this year. Main Event and Desert Garden will have their traditional schedule. The QIA POW Wow runs Jan. 23rd to Jan. 27th. Our field trips will start Monday morning, Jan. 28th. Betty and I will be at the campsite by late Sunday morning.

     This is a beautiful time of year to visit the California desert. The weather is typically sunny and mild. The cacti, bushes and wild flowers are coming into bloom. Mark your calendars now (Jan. 28 to Feb. 1, 2002) and plan to join us for this great rockhound event. Besides the daily collecting trips, we will have several potluck dinners, daily happy hours and evening campfires. In this issue of the CFMS Newsletter is a flier with directions, schedule and details for the 2002 Wiley Well District Field Trip. Please see that your bulletin editor and field trip chairman get copies. Also, please publish in your club bulletin or pass out copies to interested members. (I rely on the people who get the CFMS Newsletter to pass this information on to their club members who do not get or are able to read the CFMS Newsletter.)


By Colleen McGann,
Committee Chair

     I am very happy with the responses I have received from more clubs sending me their outstanding candidates for Year 2001 Club Rockhound of the Year nominations.

     Please consider that we are getting close to the end of this year and I need your messages by November 3rd to be included in the December newsletter.

     Orange Belt Mineralogical Society is proud to honor Jack Gibson as their Rockhound of the Year 2001. When President Mary Phillips congratulated Jack as being the club's honoree, she said "He is a true asset to our club. He is always at workshops, regularly attends meetings and LOVES helping new members at getting started. He usually gives them their first rock to make their first cabochon. If you ever need help with anything, all you have to do is 'just ask'. He is always helping with the upkeep on our machinery, repairing or rebuilding. He truly deserves the award for Rockhound of the Year 2001. Jack, thank you for all you have done, and (in advance) for all you will continue to do for our club. It was a definite privilege to announce you, this year for this prestigious award. Continue to shine." Jack has been a workshop instructor and maintenance man for the 16 years he has been a club member. As his wife said, "He has been playing with rocks since he was a baby." Submitted by Thelma Christoffersen, Federation Director.

     Contra Costa Mineral & Gem Society "wishes to honor two of our long-time members, Jim and Mary Bufton. Jim joined our club in 1965, soon becoming Property Chairman. He later became Membership Chairman, which position he continues to hold today. His wife, Mary, was active in the Club's activities even before she joined Jim as a member. Mary always provides a friendly helping hand at every club activity - craft nights, kitchen, snack bar, and for our annual show. Mary is currently the Club's Publicity Chair, a position she has held for many years. By their willingness to shoulder both work and responsibility, Jim and Mary Bufton have been for many years and continue to be valued, productive members of the Contra Costa Mineral & Gem Society." Submitted by Hazel Woolsey, Federation Director.

     Please send your nominations (so they reach me by November 3) to:

P.O. Box 224
Santa Clara, CA 95052-0224
Phone (831) 476-8689


By Mike Kokinos, Tax Advisor.

     Elsewhere In this Newsletter is a copy of a letter I sent to Bill Lockyer, California Attorney General. For those Societies that conduct raffles, I recommend sending the Attorney General letters supporting my solutions to reporting monthly raffles separately. In the meantime, record keeping for each raffle should be maintained.

     The regulations state that Internet registration and reporting shall be instituted by the Attorney General. Once Internet registration or reporting is complete, the completed forms are to be printed out, signed and mailed.

     Applications for registration for raffles between July 1, 2001 and September 1, 2002 should have been filed no later than September 1. For future years, organizations that know they will have raffles should register by September 1. Organizations that normally do not conduct a raffle but make a decision to have one between September 1 and August 21 of the following year must file the application for registration at least 90 days before the raffle is held.

     The reports for raffles held between July 1, 2001 and August 31, 2002 must be filed by September 1, 2002. Future year reports must also be filed by September 1.

     The non-profit raffle program regulations can be downloaded from the Attorney General web site at http://caag.state.ca.us/charities.

     A few societies indicated they are considering continuing to hold their monthly raffles using a fixed donation per ticket rather than register those raffles.

(CFMS Letterhead)

4620 Doe Street
Shingle Springs, Ca 95682-8478
Telephone: 530-677-9333
E-mail: kokinos@directcon.net


August 21, 2001
California Attorney General Bill Lockyer
P.O. Box 944255
Sacramento, CA 94244-2550

Dear Sir:

We propose a change in the non-profit raffle program regulations. I serve as the volunteer tax advisor for the California Federation of Mineralogical Societies (CFMS) a non-profit benefit corporation. The membership of the CFMS consists of approximately 150 independent non-profit corporations organized to educate the public in the earth sciences and lapidary arts.

Many of the 150 corporations hold raffles at their regular meetings. In the past, a single ticket was given to each person attending the meeting. A container asked for donations to support the raffle. Now that these organizations can register and hold raffles where tickets are purchased, they are questioning me about the expense to meet the reporting requirements. Section 420 of the non-profit program regulations requires reporting for each raffle.

The gross receipts from each month's raffle would be less than $100.00 and in most cases less than $50.00. Assuming ten raffles are held annually, the Registry of Charitable Trusts would be burdened with ten reports for each organization conducting the monthly raffles. The cost/benefit rate for the Registry processing ten reports would be negative.

The organizations are operated by lay people that will have difficulty preparing one report, let alone ten. Their option is to continue with the donation system, eliminate the raffles or obtain exclusion or other relief from Section 420.

Section 420 could be revised to exclude raffles with gross receipts not more than $100.00. Since this involves the penal code, another solution would be to allow a single annual reporting for raffles with gross receipts not more than $1,200.00 per year. Either solution would substantially benefit the organizations and the Registry of Charitable Trusts.

The CFMS Newsletter published an article that included the application for registration, the reporting form and the frequently asked questions pamphlet; I have received many calls from the organizations. In addition, I have received calls from other non-profit organizations that were made aware of the article in the CFMS Newsletter. All calls have expressed concerns about the reporting requirements for their small monthly meeting raffles.



Michael Kokinos, Tax Advisor


Compiled by Merryan O'Neill
From Petroglyphs May 2001, Bulletin of the
El Dorado County Mineral and Gem Society

     Continuing series about Mother Lode mines from material contributed by Richard Bacoccini.

     Source: Mines and Mineral Resources of El Dorado County California' reprinted from California Journal of Mines and Geology; 1956.

     Shaw (Shan Taz, Volo) Mine. Location: sec. 21, T. 10 N., R. 10 E., M.D., 2 miles north of El Dorado and 4 miles southwest of Placerville. Ownership: Evelyn R. Purser, South San Francisco; leased by Volo Mining Company, Placerville, F.V. Phillips, president, Joseph Pickering, mill foreman.

     This is one of the better-known gold mines of the West Belt in El Dorado County. For many years it was worked as an underground mine. However, recently all of the ore has been mined from an open pit. It was active during the 1880's (Irelan, 1888, p. 193) and again around 1915 (Tucker, 1919, p. 297).

     The Volo Mining Company leased the property originally in 1940 (F.V.Phillips, personal com-munication, 1953). During 1941 and 1942, some gold ore was mined and milled on an experimental basis. The mine was reopened in 1946 and oper- ated almost continuously until 1953. The mill is being used at the present time to treat copper ore from the Copper Hill mine in Amador County (Volo mill is covered in the Copper section).

     Gold mineralization has taken place in a body of quartzitic schist that lies in slate and schist of the Calaveras group. The deposit often has been referred to as a quartzite dike or rhyolite dike, but accord-ing to Fairbanks, the Shaw deposit genetically occupies an intermediate position between the Big Canyon deposit to the south, a true replacement deposit, and the ordi-nary fissure quartz vein deposit (Fairbanks, 1894, p. 480), Pyrite, calcite, and talc are associated with the gold. The ore is low grade, containing $2 to $4 per ton (Joseph Pickering, personal communication, 1953). The deposit contains seams of secondary albite and quartz as well as a few thin basic dikes. Rich pockets of free gold have been found near the contact of the ore body and the surrounding country rock (Tucker; 1919, p. 297).

     The ore body strikes N. 10°E., and dips 85°SE. It averages about 100 feet in width and has been worked for a distance of about 1,000 feet along the strike. Prior to 1915, the mine was worked by under-around methods. It was developed by a 135-foot shaft, a 400-foot cross-cut adit, a 300-foot south drift, and a 200-foot north drift. After 1940, the mine was worked in an open cut that now is about 1,000 feet long, 100 to 150 feet wide, ad 20 to 50 feet deep. The ore was blasted from the pit faces, loaded with a power shovel, and trucked to the mill.

     The ore was treated by amalgamation flotation, and cyanidation at the mill which has a copacity of 300 tons. Five men worked at the mine and mill.